20 Most Effective Coaching Techniques [2023 Edition]

There are a plethora of coaches out there, but all of them aren’t able to assert their individuality and build a 6-figure coaching business.

Do you know why?

The reason is that not all people who are trying hard are trying effectively. They aren’t aware of the most effective coaching techniques that can help them succeed.

Drawing from my experience, effective coaching is not just asking the right coaching questions; it is also more than that. It is guiding the coachee through the process to bring about the much-needed TRANSFORMATION.

Effective coaches assist their coachees to maximize their full potential, overcome hurdles, and achieve the glee of success. These techniques will help you dive deep into the mind of your coachee and address the problem well.

Simple and effective coaching techniques (That you must follow)

5-minute pre-session check-in

Even if you prepare a wonderful session, there is no guarantee that it will resonate well with the client.

This is why I prefer having a 5-minute pre-session check-in. It has enormous benefits.

First of all, you will learn what problem your coachee is facing. This will help you develop a deeper understanding and propose a solution tailored to the client’s needs.

Secondly, it helps the coachee come mentally prepared for the upcoming session and makes your session prep super-active. Our team discovered that this way, both you and your client can analyze the performance and success of the previous session.

One thing you should prioritize is the right set of Coaching Questions. Think from the client’s perspective. Note down the bullet points during the session. Utilize them to prepare the right set of personalized questionnaires for the next session.

Based on my first-hand experience, this is how clients will find value in your sessions. They will understand that you are quick at digging into the depths of their problems and trying your best to solve them. Once you have built that bond with your clients, you are good to go!

SMART- One of the most effective coaching techniques

SMART stands for:

S- Specific

M- Measurable

A- Attainable

R- Relevant

T- Time-based

Vague goals will take you nowhere. Your goals need to have a clear structure. They have to be detailed and verifiable.

For instance,

Have a look at the below two cases.

Case 1: I want to grow my business quickly and make more money.

Case 2: I will have five new clients by the end of this month. I will achieve the same through references, social media networking, and producing educational content.

Now, Case 1 reflects a very broad scenario. You need to be more detailed and action-oriented as reflected in Case 2.

First of all, get clear on what goal you want to achieve, and then make it SMART. This will oil the gears of your growth engine.

Gold nuggets after each session

They say- “The first impression is the last impression”. Yes! though it is, the “LAST IMPRESSION” is much more powerful, according to me.

Based on my first-hand experience, you need to have an indelible impact on our client’s mind. How will you understand that the session was meaningful for your client? That’s where the role of gold nuggets comes into play!

After each session, encourage your clients to share their gold nuggets with you. This can be done by asking a simple question like- “What were your major takeaways from this session?”

Through our practical knowledge, this is going to leave your clients with a clear picture of how much value (ROI) they got out of your session. If this can be shared between you and your client, you can recap and leverage the same to excel at your pace.

With the combination of a questionnaire at the beginning and gold nuggets at the end, a successful session is surefire.

Ask open-ended questions

If you are asking specific, generic questions to your clients, you will not be able to reach the core of the problem. This approach doesn’t allow the clients to express their true feelings.

Our investigation demonstrated that you need to understand psychology first. This is only possible when you ask open-ended questions.

This can be done in various ways.

Circular questions

Circular questions are aimed at knowing the approach of the client’s close ones rather than his/her own.

Example: “How would your partner feel when you shout at your kids?”

These types of questions help the client accommodate a different point of view and bring about a change in perspective.

Hypothetical questions

Another item on the list is to help your clients speak their hearts out. Our investigation demonstrated that such questions are future-oriented and give your client a chance to stimulate creativity by finding solutions and boosting ideas.

Example: “What if you get the prime resources that you are lacking at this moment?”

Miracle questions

My favorite! These help the coachee see how the perfect solution will look. These types of questions assist in discovering new motivation and encourage positive thinking.

Example- “If you wake up tomorrow and realize that you have accomplished your goal, what would the day look like?”

Paradox questions

As the name suggests, this set of questions is contradictory to the present situation of the client. Our findings show that they surprise the clients by aggravating the problem. These, in a sense, also make the client realize that the situation can be even worse, and luckily it’s not at this moment.

Example- “What is required for your boss to fire you?”

Leverage the power of writing

I am personally addicted to writing down my goals on paper. Writing down your goals is not only beneficial for you, but it also helps your client. Especially when it is recorded and shared with both of you, it helps the client analyze the progress and share feelings. Milestones become visible, and deeper dialogues get initiated.

Writing is one of the most effective coaching techniques that helps your client achieve sustainable results.

Be fully present and focused

This may appear self-evident but it is crucial for building trust and a strong connection with your client. Relax and take a deep breath before every session.

As soon as the session starts, provide your client with undivided attention. Cut all the distractions. No mobile phones! Keep everything aside. This will help your client understand that you genuinely care and are interested in solving their problem.

Follow Up

Track the progress achieved, challenges faced, and success of the client by rigorously following up.

Our research indicates that this can be done by a simple questionnaire, ongoing feedback as a follow-up between sessions, emails, etc. This can be a very efficient way to monitor the effectiveness of your coaching. This gives your clients a signal that you care about their progress and that they are not alone in this hour of need.

Another crucial point is that you can utilize the valuable information accumulated (through feedback/questionnaire) to prepare for your next steps. It also assists in keeping clients accountable. This way, your clients can better analyze how far the “said” is actually “done”.

You can have a weekly or monthly progress report for an in-depth and simplified analysis.

Another great way to follow up is through a Coaching journal. Quite similar to the on-going feedback discussed above. Your clients can write down their emotions, experiences, observations, challenges, successes, thoughts, and feelings.

The best part is that through a coaching journal, your clients need not wait for the next session; they can share what’s on their mind right at that very moment. This helps a lot in building credibility since, without your physical presence, you can also take your mentoring to the next level.

Follow the Grow model

GROW model is a very simple and effective model for goal setting and problem-solving in coaching.

arrow, target, range
Image taken from pixabay.com

G- Goal

A goal symbolizes what the client desires to achieve. The goal should be streamlined with the SMART method described earlier.

R- Reality

This stands for status-quo. Where do your clients stand right now? How far is the current situation from the client’s goals?

O- Obstacles and Options

What are the obstacles that are proving to be hurdles in accelerating your client’s path towards accomplishment of the goal? Once you identify them, look for possible ways you can overcome the hurdles- Options.

W- Way forward

After the options have been identified, it’s time to take action! Devise an action-plan and take some action-oriented steps that will help your clients reach their dreams fast.

Try the ‘perfect day’ exercise

Many times, my clients are so engrossed in their problems that they forget what success looks like.

This is a perfect exercise that I do with them to help them visualize their ‘perfect day’. During this exercise, they are challenged to imagine and describe their perfect day from start to finish.

I encourage my clients to include all the minute details- emotions, feelings, close ones’ reactions- everything. This is one of the most effective coaching techniques. It enables the clients to look beyond the hurdles and direct their pace towards achieving bliss after success.

Use the power of coaching software

The obsolete traditional coaching techniques are going to take you nowhere. It’s time to experience the glee of modernity.

Today, the majority of coaches in your niche are leveraging the power of coaching software to maximize their profits. If you haven’t started yet, you need to. Right now!

Coaching software will not only enhance client communication but also facilitate the easy implementation of effective coaching techniques. Our analysis revealed that it will reduce a lot of your burden of session preparation, worksheets, assignments, booking appointments, etc. and leave you with quality time.Many coaching tools can help you build a long-lasting and sustainable coaching business.

Build genuine trust

Trust is a very crucial factor in the coaching business. If your clients trust you, they will come back for your services again and again. Not only this, but getting referrals will also become an easy task.

Trust can only be built if you appear as a leader to your clients, who are hungry for the solution to their problems. You are not only a coach; you also have to emerge as a leader in your niche. A Successful Leader!

Keep these Four principles in mind to earn the trust of your coaches.

Demonstrate Emotional Intelligence

As a coach, you need to put yourself in the shoes of your client. As per our expertise, empathy and a deep insight into human psychology are the two most important ingredients that will help you build a super recipe.

Until and unless you can understand the personal barriers of your clients, you won’t be able to devise strategies to help them overcome them. It takes real skills and emotional intelligence to get to the core of what is holding back your client.

This amazing book can help you improve your performance by imbibing the right skills and attitude.

Develop learning cycles

Staying engaged in new techniques is a trait of brilliant coaches. You should have that inquisitiveness to learn and discover something new each day.

Even coaches need a coach. You may think that your abilities are enough to solve the issue, but in reality, the situation can be much deeper. Learn best coaching techniques from highly skilled people and accommodate new and diverse perspectives.

Research coaching resources and the ROI that they would bring to you. Start with reading some of the best coaching books that every coach should read.

Explore the 3Cs Model

Clarity, confidence, and commitment- these are the three C’s in the coaching system.

The real coaches start by identifying the unique talents of their clients and their best use of them.

Having done that, coaches help their clients uncover the specific emotions that destroy their confidence. Inevitably, fear is one of them.

FEAR- False Evidence Appearing Real.

You need to ask your client two questions so that he/she can get a chance to overcome the fear.

Ques 1: What worst can happen?

Ques 2: How likely is it to happen?

Commitment comes in at the end, where you must ask the clients to reflect on how committed they are to bringing in the change. As per our expertise, this focuses more on self-engagement. By putting forth questions like- “If you were truly committed to the task, what would success look like?”, you can get a glimpse of the level of commitment of your client.

Thereafter, the difference between the current state of the client and the ideal one should be analyzed and evaluated.

Build a tribe around your area of specialty

Most coaches build a following around their name. Why not build a tribe around your theme? Many industry leaders have gained enormous fame through this. For example, if you are into executive coaching, let it become popular through online groups.

Extensive research has consistently shown that the first time a client approaches you, it is most likely because he/she is interested in your initiative rather than your name.

Create buzz about your coaching business in the market. Leverage the power of social media and networking events. Exhibit yourself as a market leader. Find and display reasons that lead you to possess an edge over your competitors.

Soon you will notice that you are a renowned personality with a solid presence in your area of specialty.

Identify Risks and Opportunities with the Implications Wheel

career, success, path
Image from pixabay.com

Joel Barker’s Implications Wheel is the most powerful tool employed by coaches and leaders to develop winning strategies.

Our findings show that it enables decision-makers to reliably and quickly, the potential future risks and opportunities that are associated with high stakes decisions.

The wheel is typically used for predicting the implications of any event that can have an impact on the future.

The process that is used to create the wheel incorporates four different steps.

First, the center of the wheel is created. This is the description of the issue, trend, goal, or change in question.

Next, the client presented the center’s description. The client is asked to identify the first-order events that can happen if the center event occurs.

Thereafter, the remaining spokes on the wheel are fleshed out – the second, third, and fourth-order events. These reflect the events that might happen if the preceding first-order events occur.

At last, the client is asked to rate the likelihood and desirability of each implication that appears. This way, you can help your clients develop winning strategies.

The bias discovery tool

You need to understand the power of unconscious bias and its impact on behavior, decision-making and interpersonal dynamics.

Our team discovered that coaches who use the “bias discovery” tool focus on identifying and working to bridge the gap between clients’ intentions and their actual behavior. They help clients identify when unconscious biases can be beneficial and when they can be counter-productive.

Change begins with the mind and its acceptance of it. However, if there is an undiscovered bias, it can resist the change.

I work with clients to uncover embedded beliefs that can otherwise hinder the coaching process and their transformation. Bias inhibits self-confidence. Upon discovering their bias, my clients operate with greater consciousness and increased valor.

Partner in the success

adventure, height, climbing
Image from pixabay.com

Your client is all alone at this moment. You must comfort your client not only with those bold words but with a personal touch as well. Through our practical knowledge, this can be rendered only when you appear as a friend to the client rather than a mentor.

Invest in success. While setting a goal, don’t forget to take ownership of part of it. Don’t set it and forget it. Be active in following up and following through.

It’s obvious that your client is lacking a robust support system from family or friends, and therefore he/she has come to you. Replace the words “you” with “we”, “your” with “our” to show your client that both of you constitute an effective team that has a lot of potential and a phenomenally great strategy to accomplish the goal.

Know how to handle the hard stuff

Our investigation demonstrated that this coaching technique cannot be neglected. All days are not good. Sometimes you will have harsh experiences. Maybe a client is really tough to handle. He/she might be aggressive, impatient, or even offensive.

Sometimes a client may force you to cross your boundary and may ask you something ridiculous that you shouldn’t agree to.

What would you do in this case?

Compromise? Because that’s your client? No, not at all.

Make sure that you earn diamonds, not stones. Of course, you need to be extremely patient and deal with tough clients in the right way. But you also need to know when to say “NO”.

Know your core values since they behave as an anchor or return point. Try to be modest in your tone. Develop strong tolerance-power. Feel free to stop the engagement once the boundary is crossed.

Coach with passion

Experienced coaches may not always be excellent.

Remember your school days? A teacher with solid academic expertise may not always be able to engage the class effectively.

Similar is the case with coaches. Our findings show that you need to be passionate while coaching, before you can leave a powerful impact on your clients.

Your passion will be tested at various points in time. You need to hold on and keep yourself motivated; then only you can motivate others.

At times, you will have to face uncertainties and unpredictability. Adapting to change is crucial. If you are not quick at this, learn how great coaches overcome resistance to change.


In conclusion, the most effective coaching techniques prioritize a client-centered approach that is tailored to individual needs and goals. These techniques involve building a strong rapport and trust with clients and creating a safe and supportive environment for their growth. Active listening and powerful questioning skills help facilitate self-reflection and critical thinking. 

Effective coaches also emphasize goal-setting, accountability, and action planning to ensure progress and success. Additionally, incorporating technology and digital tools has enhanced coaching effectiveness by providing real-time feedback and enabling continuous learning. By utilizing these techniques, coaches can effectively support and empower individuals in their personal and professional development journeys.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are coaching techniques?

Coaching is a professional relationship where an individual who has a skill, a talent, and ability helps an individual, athlete, or team to improve their performance in any arena, including sports, education, business, and life skills. Coaching techniques include various methods, techniques, approaches, and styles.

What are the best coaching techniques?

The best coaching technique is to help a client find out information that he/she didn’t know before the coaching session. Realizing what you don’t know is often the beginning of limitless personal growth.



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